Who are the women in STEM that you most admire? Tell us about your STEM heroines!
This part of the forum is for sharing biographies, interviews, and information about women in STEM, historic or modern. If you've written a blog post about a woman in STEM, read a great book about a woman or women you admire, or want to know more about someone, this is the place to post!
American chemist Ruth R. Benerito has won numerous awards for her contributions to the cotton, wood, and paper industries, many based on a single, ingenious chemical cocktail that was first applied to cotton to create the wrinkle-free cotton we know and love today.
Benerito, with her research group at the USDA Southern Regional Research Laboratories in New Orleans, attacked the wrinkly problem by first throwing out all the traditional chemical concoctions used to treat cotton against wrinkles which were making the fabric too brittle.
More at: http://www.businessinsider.com/how-wrinkle-free-cotton-was-invented-2015-9
Maria Sibylla Merian (2 April 1647 – 13 January 1717) was a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family, founders of one of Europe's largest publishing houses in the 17th century.
Merian received her artistic training from her stepfather, Jacob Marrel, a student of the still life painter Georg Flegel. She remained in Frankfurt until 1670, relocating subsequently to Nuremberg, Wieuwerd (1685), where she stayed in a Labadist community till 1691, and Amsterdam.
Merian published her first book of natural illustrations, titled Neues Blumenbuch, in 1675 at age 28. In 1699, following eight years of painting and studying, and on the encouragement of Cornelis van Aerssen van Sommelsdijck, the then-governor of the Dutch colony of Surinam, the city of Amsterdam awarded Merian a grant to travel to South America with her daughter Dorothea. Her trip, designed as a scientific expedition makes Merian perhaps the first person to "plan a journey rooted solely in science." After two years there, malaria forced her to return to Europe. She then proceeded to publish her major work, Metamorphosis insectorum Surinamensium (de), in 1705, for which she became famous. Because of her careful observations and documentation of the metamorphosis of the butterfly, she is considered by David Attenborough to be among the most significant contributors to the field of entomology. She was a leading entomologist of her time and she discovered many new facts about insect life through her studies.
See: The Maria Sibylla Merian Society - an international group open to anyone interested in Merian studies in the broadest sense, including but not exclusive to artists, historians, and scientists. http://www.themariasibyllameriansociety.humanities.uva.nl/