I can't believe I haven't made this thread before now.
Why don’t women peer review as often as men? Fewer invites and RSVPs, researchers say
An interesting discussion of research looking at peer review and peer reviewers.
This article looks interesting too Patchy progress on fixing global gender disparities in science - the report it references is linked in the quote, and might be worth a read.
The report by the publisher Elsevier found that despite their moderate advances, women still published fewer articles than men, and were much less likely to be listed as first or last authors on a paper. Citation rates, however, were roughly equal: although female authors were cited slightly less than male authors, work authored by women was downloaded at slightly higher rates.
A great list of articles and research here (also posted to the ALD fb group):
Gender Bias in Academe: An Annotated Bibliography of Important Recent Studies